Role of Senior Citizen in Community Based Tourism Activities towards Livelihood Well Being
Associate Professor Dr. Mohd Yusop bin Ab.Hadi
Mr. Abdul Rashid bin Abdul Razzaq
Faculty of Technical Education
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
In Malaysia, various issues were raised in respect of the senior citizens such as senior citizen abandoned and ignored by family members, living alone and the increasing number of elderly in welfare homes. The senior citizens are deserving of attention, respect and care so that they can enjoy their well-being in the life .
There are some basic needs of senior citizens can be measured such as the need to demography, cognitive, health, social and personal networks. This is a positive requirement needed by the senior citizens. Studies on contributing factors to the senior citizens necessities of life were conducted by sociologists and psychologists (Anstey, 2001). Situation and the activities required by the senior citizens for their livelihood well being if identified could be adapted to activities that help develop the tourism industry in Malaysia. Among the tourism activities have been well favored by the tourists are the originality of accommodation design, the natural beauty the environment, local food taste, local arts and crafts, and cultural activities.
This study was conducted to identify the situation and the activities required by the senior citizen that will emerge happiness to them. In addition the study also seeks to identify tourism activities preferred by the tourists.
From the research finding showed that top priorities situations and activities that can carry out happiness to the senior citizens are:
Obey to the religious law, deeper the religious discipline, endeavor to survive for good health, get the attention form son and daughter, physical health care, relax, doing activities of heath care, get attention from a spouse, create happy feeling, communicating with neighbors, avoidance of facing problems, avoid disappointment, avoid the situations that emerge sadness, avoid from emotional disturbances, body exercise to get healthy, converse with someone, sharing of knowledge and skill with others, ongoing to get health care guidance, express love to someone, eating exclusive foods, and provide voluntary services to those in need. Based on this research finding, the most appropriate tourism activities involved in senior citizen is home stay activities. Home stay is a tourist accommodation which retains the unique characteristics of a residence. During the stay there, visitors can engage in daily activities owner of home stay if agreed by both parties. Food and beverages are also provided by the home stay owner. In this situation the senior citizens do not need to change the situation and their regular activities. The uniqueness of senior citizens activities are attracted to be seen and experienced by tourists. Through the home stay activities, senior citizens perhaps will have the opportunity to practice activities that will bring them happiness in their lives.
With this clearly shows that the situation and activities of life required by the senior citizen that leads to happiness are also contribute to the success ecotourism programme.